The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.
Last 2013, the K to 12 was finally approved here in the Philippines. Parents, students, and teachers reacted to this quantum leap in our education system and after 6 years, we’ll now see its effectiveness and effects to the first batch of Filipino students who undergo in the K to 12 Program.
Readiness for Workforce
Before the approval of K to 12, the people were told by the government that after finishing this program, Filipino students will be surely ready to join the workforce. K to 12 actually empowered students to make a choice on what track are they going to take whether it’s Information Technology, Accountancy, Business and Management, Technical Vocational Livelihood, Humanities, and Social Sciences, etc.
Since K to 12 offered a lot of time, students were able to easily understand what is taught due to various stages of learning that were divided for easy learning.
Builds skills for the Global Economy
K to 12 was designed to build skills for the betterment of the global economy. The skills learned at this level can be employed in various places of work for productivity.
And of course, this education system promotes development within the school and outside the school because it equips students with the necessary skills that are needed for development.
It is Lengthy
K to 12 requires students to complete the thirteen years education program before they can join tertiary education. Students who graduated from Senior High were supposed to be second-year college, imagine only two more years and they should’ve received their college degree.
It is Tiresome
Students who went through this mode of education were required to stay in class for up to 8 hours each day for 13 years. Feels like they’re already working, right? It eats a lot of time and consumes a lot of energy too.
Very Costly for Parents
This is one of the facts why Parents were not in favor of K to 12. We all know that some Filipinos can’t afford to go to school and not everyone can finish their studies, why? Because of poverty. And yet, our government decided to add two more years to our education system.
Their reason? They said that K to 12 will actually help students who cannot afford to go to colleges. But according to an article about K to 12’s first batch:
“some Senior High School graduating students would not yet look for a job after their graduation admitting that the standard in applying for a job position is too high. The students explained that even College graduates were finding it difficult to find a decent job, so it would be harder for them to find a job.”
Schools Lack Enough Facilities
Facilities are very important to education. If you’re going to add two years to the education system, you better add more facilities in every school in the Philippines. But the implementation of K to 12 is so fast that the schools and teachers were not prepared for the additional years.
For the private schools, I may say that they adjusted easily compared to public schools. Public schools don’t really have enough facilities before K to 12 was implemented (I know because I studied at a public school for four years), seriously speaking K to 12 was decided so quickly like the government didn’t think about its negative effect.
According to a survey conducted by the Philippine Business for Education (PBEd), one out of five companies are willing to hire senior high school (SHS) graduates.
And according to the League of Filipino Students (LFS) has insisted the K to 12 Program did not address problems in the educational system and actually worsens unemployment.