Decoding “Philippine English:” Ten Filipinized English Words in the Oxford English Dictionary

Occasionally, a Filipino word makes it into the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). Can you guess what the first one was?

 

Nope, it’s not balut. Neither is it adobo. *gasp!*

 

It’s actually abaca. Back in 1884, the OED defined it as:

a kind of banana plant, Musa textilis, native to the Philippines, the petioles of which yield a strong fiber. Also: the fiber itself, used for making paper, ropes, matting, etc.; Manila hemp.

 

Buwan ng Wika or National Language Month typically brings to mind some pretty deep Tagalog words, or ones that don’t have an exact English counterpart. But did you know that we Filipinos have also created uniquely new meanings for English words too? 

 

They’re called Filipinized English words, and the alternate definitions even appear in the OED. Apparently, there are over 200 of them. Here are a handful of the most familiar terms:

 

  1. Balikbayan box
  2. (noun.): a carton shipped or brought to the Philippines from another country by a Filipino who has been living overseas, typically containing items such as food, clothing, toys, and household products;

    1-Balikbayan box  

  3. Batchmate
  4. (noun): a member of the same graduation class as another; a classmate; also in extended use;

    2-Batchmate  

  5. Bold
  6. (adjective): of a film, scene, etc.: having sexual content; erotic, risqué; also of an actor: appearing in sexually explicit films; having a sexually provocative image;

    3-Bold  

  7. Carnap
  8. (verb): to steal a motor vehicle;

    4-Carnap  

  9. Carnapper
  10. (noun): a car thief or a person who steals a motor vehicle;

    5-Carnapper  

  11. Comfort room
  12. (noun): (originally) a room in a public building or workplace furnished with amenities such as facilities for resting, personal hygiene, and storage of personal items (now rare); (later) a public toilet (now chiefly Philippine English);

    6-Comfort room  

  13. Dirty ice cream
  14. (noun): in Filipino cookery: ice cream of a type that is typically made from coconut milk, sold from handcarts by street vendors;

    7-Dirty ice cream  

  15. Dirty kitchen
  16. (noun): a kitchen where everyday cooking is done by household staff, as distinct from a kitchen that is purely for show or for special use by the owner of the house;

    8-Dirty kitchen  

  17. High blood
  18. (adjective): angry, agitated (e.g., “Don’t be so high blood!”)

    9-High blood  

  19. Salvage
  20. (verb): to apprehend and execute (a suspected criminal) without trial

    10-Salvage
 

In many ways, a language is much like a person. So long as people keep using it, it will grow, evolve, and imbibe changes from its environment. 

 

We Filipinos have long pondered the influence of several centuries of colonization on our mother tongue. This August, let’s not forget to marvel at how the Filipino language continues to make its mark upon the world.

 
Serena Estrella

Serena joined Remit back in 2016, and has tormented its Marketing Head constantly ever since. To get through the rigors of writing about grave concerns like exchange rates, citizenship requirements, and PH-AU news, she likes to blast Mozart, Vivaldi, ONE OK ROCK, and Shigeru Umebayashi in the background. She does a mean Merida voice in her spare time too.

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